Monday, May 25, 2020

The Nurse Physician Conflict Within The Public Health Setting

â€Å"Conflict is commonly perceived as being a negative issue. However, the experience of dealing with conflict can lead to positive outcomes for nurses, colleagues, and clients† (College of Nurses of Ontario (CNO), 2009, p. 3). Learning opportunities within a clinical setting arise may arise out of conflict. This paper will focus on an interprofessional nurse-physician conflict within the public health setting. The following conflict requires an understanding of cold chain and cold chain excursions. Cold chain is defined as the procedure and equipment utilized to maintain appropriate temperature of vaccine to ensure safety and a cold chain excursion is characterized by vaccine that has been exposed to inappropriate temperatures (Government of Ontario, 2013). The nurse-physician conflict experienced arose during a routine cold chain inspection at a family health team’s office. The doctor within the establishment is provided with publicly funded vaccine, from the public health unit, which has been exposed to multiple cold chain excursions. Access to publicly funded vaccine is provided to multiple health units. When facilities are provided with vaccine the expectation is that Vaccine Storage and Handling Guidelines provided by the Ontario Government will be followed. During this routine inspection it was discovered that the doctor, responsible for vaccine safety, had multiple cold chain excursions without following the Vaccine Storage and Handling Guidelines. In theShow MoreRelatedTypes Of Advanced Practice Nurse960 Words   |  4 Pagestypes of Advanced Practice Nurse roles, the nurse practitioner, clinical nurse specialist, certified registered nurse anesthetist, and certified nurse-midwife. The Family Nurse Practitioner is the advanced practice role that will be discussed. According to Hamric, Hanson, Tracy, and O Grady (2014) the primary care NP provides care for patients in diverse settings, including community-based settings such as private and public practices, acute, and long-term care settings across the life span (pgRead MoreAdvantages And Disadvantages Of Nursing1245 Words   |  5 PagesThe health of different communities is pro to some challenges. Ranging from Infectious diseases, such as Hepatitis and other communicable diseases, and this can get out of control in many civilized town settings. Kids and infant health and well-being are threatened by preventable infections and diseases, society toxins, waste, violence, accidents, and injuries. Inequality in access to health care programs and insurance coverage has notably increased sickness and mortality among infants, pregnantRead MoreCredentialing From Advanced Practice Registered Nurses927 Words   |  4 PagesCredentialing from advanced practice registered nurses (APRNs) perspective is defined as â€Å"furnishing the documentation necessary to be authorized by a regulatory body or institution to engage in certain activities and use a certain ti tle† (Hanson, 2014). Credentialing is also define from a local institutional process that consider specific documentations for APRN before they assume the practice role as APRN within their facility. In health care system, credentialing ensures individuals meet requiredRead MoreEthics Case Study Essay911 Words   |  4 PagesEthics Case Study Nurses are faced with ethical issues and dilemmas on a regular basis. Nurses must understand his or her values and morals to be able to deal adequately with the ethical issues he or she is faced with. Some ethical issues nurses are exposed to may be more difficult than others and the ethical decision making process is learned over time. The purpose of this paper is to identify the ethical issues in the case study provided in the week one assignment. A discussion of how to useRead MorePersonal, Cultural And Spiritual Values862 Words   |  4 Pages me Nurses have traditionally placed a high value on the worth and dignity of others. The nursing profession requires integrity of its members; that is, a member is expected to do what is considered right regardless of the personal cost (13). Because nurses deal with the most fundamental human events – birth, death, and suffering- they encounter many ethical issues surrounding these sensitive areas. Nurses can make better moral decisions by thinking in advance about their beliefsRead MoreThe Ethical issues in Paediatric Wards Essay990 Words   |  4 Pageseffective pediatric health care can be defined as the delivery of care within the context of appropriate physician knowledge, understanding, and appreciation of all cultural distinctions leading to optimal health outcomes. However, when the parents’ decision is not the best interest for the child, the paediatric nurse should advocate for him in order to protect his rights to receive treatment according to the Code of Ethi cs for Nurses in Australia (ANMC 2006). The first step for the nurse in resolving theRead MoreBiases And Health Care Disparities1222 Words   |  5 PagesBiases and Health Care Disparities between the Black and White Communities Amy Raddatz Denver School of Nursing â€Æ' Biases and Health Care Disparities Between the Black and White Communities A notable discrepancy exists between health care received by the black population in comparison to the white population. However, the foundation of health care inconsistencies has yet to be firmly established. Instead, conflicting views prioritize causes of health care disparities as due to social determinantsRead MoreLearning Self-Analysis for Nursing Program972 Words   |  4 Pages2090876 1.) What are the 4 types of Advanced Practice Nurses? What is the educational preparation for each and what role do they commonly have?   In order to be classified as an Advanced Practice Nurse, one must attain either a Masters or Doctoral degree in the field of clinical nursing. There are four types of Advanced Care Nurses: Clinical Nurse Specialist (CNS), Clinical Registered Nurse Anesthetist (CRNA), Nurse Practitioner (NP), and Certified Nurse-Midwife (CNM). Each niche of the Advanced PracticeRead MoreRole Transition and Professional Nursing1569 Words   |  7 PagesNursing As the student nurse transitions from the role of a nursing student to the professional level of nursing, the licensed registered nurse shall perform only those nursing activities for which the RN has been prepared through basic education and those additional skills, which are obtained through subsequent nursing education and within the scope of practice of an RN as determined by the board of Nursing. The Licensed Practical Nurse works in hospitals, clinic, as wellRead MoreNurse Anesthetists : Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetist1197 Words   |  5 PagesNurse anesthetists have been providing anesthesia care to patients in the United States for more than 150 years. The credential CRNA (Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetist) came into existence in 1956. CRNAs are anesthesia professionals who safely administer approximately 40 million anesthetics to patients each year in the United States, according to the American Association of Nurse Anesthetists (AANA) 2014 Practice Profile Survey. CRNAs are the primary providers of anesthesia care in rural America

Friday, May 15, 2020

The Necessity Of Animal Testing - 2083 Words

Animal experimentation has been an easy and ethically acceptable way to research and test medicines and treatments for humans since the time of the ancient Greeks. Animals opened the door for the scientists and philosophers of old to learn facts about the human body that were previously explained with magic and superstition. Naturally, science has come a long way since the ancient Greeks. Today, we have a whole host of medical resources at our disposal, which begs the question: Do we need animals in medical research anymore? In addition, the practices with regard to animals at thousands of labs across the United States have been notoriously vague for years. It has only been in the last fifty years that people have begun to question the necessity of animal testing, and the degree of freedom that lab workers should be given with these animals. Due to the availability of other options, the unnecessary testing of already proven theories, and the unreliability of results, it is evident th at the rights and humane treatment of animals has precedence over their use in medical research. Until the 1960’s, the majority of lab animals were pets seized from pounds or breeders by the military. It wasn’t until the 1960’s that a â€Å"lab animal†, or an animal bred specifically for the purpose of being used for testing, came to exist. Today, the majority of animals are bred at facilities created for the sole purpose of providing animals for labs. However, the states of Minnesota, Oklahoma, andShow MoreRelatedAnimal Experimentation, Ethics, And Ethics1703 Words   |  7 Pages Animal experimentation and Ethics -Tseten dolkar The practice of experimentation on live animals as known as vivisection is prevalent since the old roman days. In the name of Science, Animals are being mistreated, exploited and murdered worldwide. Animal are usedRead MoreOmelas654 Words   |  3 PagesAnimal Animosity Often times, we reach desperate measures in order to fulfill a necessity. Accordingly, it may or may not be classified as evilness. Either way, desperate times cause for desperate measures. In order to find life-savers, such as cures and treatments, scientists construct experiments using animal testing. Considering the fact that human beings and animals are similar, I do not debunk the idea of using animals in scientific labs. Due to the fact that human beings have amendments thatRead MoreEssay about Humane Treatment of Animals1419 Words   |  6 PagesHumane Treatment of Animals Animal testing is a necessity in todays society. This topic receives a lot of attention worldwide. There are many people who feel that risking an animals well being is cruel and inhumane. They may be right; however, Im taking a utilitarian approach on this topic and saying that the greater good for majority of people wins. At this day in age we cannot simply stop testing animals until another way is discovered. The application of animals to test a large number ofRead MoreThe Meaning of Evil Behind Animals Rights Essay1387 Words   |  6 PagesMelanie Tucker January 31st, 2012 The Meaning of The Evil Behind Animal Rights The text called, The Evil of Animal â€Å"Rights†, written by Alex Epstein and Yaron Brook, explains why animal testing is important and what animal activist groups have done to keep the testing from occurring. They explain the necessity of animal testing for man kind. The cures of different diseases and cancers, could all be created with the testing on animals-mostly rats and mice. The companies and labs doing these testsRead MoreAnimal Testing Should Not Be Banned1508 Words   |  7 Pagesworldwide malady. Animal testing is the procedure of using various animals to research for new drugs, vaccines or cosmetics. However, there are many opponents against animal testing on the basis that it is unethical and that it is harmful to the subjects of the research. Nonetheless, animal testing is a necessary evil that can help avoid human injuries during the process of preventing different diseases and provide new possibilities for research, while also ensuring the safety of the anim als through lawsRead MorePersuasive Essay On Animal Testing962 Words   |  4 PagesFor many years, animal testing has been very widely accepted in the world for the purpose of testing products such as makeup, new medicine and medical procedures, as well as determining whether or not some foods are safe for human consumption. It’s a growing problem in the world that has led to the suffering of animals for thousands of years in order to benefit humans. In order to fix this, these tests need more strict regulations to be implemented in order to save animal lives and find lessRead MoreIts Time for a More Responsible Approach to Animal Research, Testing, and Experimentation1387 Words   |  6 PagesThe debate about using animals for medical testing has been ongoing for years. The struggle is usually between extreme animal rights activists and scientists. The animal rights activists believe animals should never be used for research, and the scientists believe any use of animals is acceptable. Listed below are factual historical accounts of animal use, statistics, and arguments against the use of animals. In ancient Greece animals were used for the study of life science. To learn aboutRead More Medical Testing On Animals Essay1511 Words   |  7 PagesMedical Testing On Animals Medical testing on animals is a very controversial topic that touches almost every individuals life whether they realize it or not. 16 million diabetic people enjoy life they would otherwise not have if it werent for the dogs, rabbits, and, fish that endured tests to help scientists discover treatments and produce insulin. Cardiovascular disease is high on the list of American killers. The procedures used to treat this affliction such as surgical techniquesRead More A More Responsible Approach to Animal Research, Testing, and Experimentation1506 Words   |  7 Pagesto Animal Research, Testing, and Experimentation The debate about using animals for medical testing has been raging for years. The struggle always seems to be between extremist animal rights activists who believe that animals should never be used for research, and scientists who believe that any use of animals is acceptable. There are a growing number who argue that there must be a reasonable middle ground. I contend that there must be a significant decrease in the number of animals usedRead MoreAnimal Testing For The Sole Benefit Of Humans979 Words   |  4 PagesFor years, there has been a debate regarding the use of animals in medical testing for the sole benefit of humans. Many people believe that testing on nonhuman animals solve the many issues that humans face, but most of the time animals are exploited and put through painful experimental processes. The purpose of this paper is to examine the possible alternatives to animal testing and the evaluate whether there is a reduction in animals being used for experiments. Th e author of this paper will examine

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Risk Assessment And Management Planning - 1770 Words

The Clinical Question: â€Å"In the hospitalized adult patient, will the use of multifactorial fall risk assessments and management planning (Morse Fall Assessment) be more efficient in comparison to the current risk assessment (Heinrich model II) practice to prevent falls in the months of November- December in comparison to September- October.† Background: Falls are a major health issue for older adults. One third of the population aged 65 and older will fall each year, and of those five to ten percent of falls cause serious injury. Direct injuries result from falls and have potential long-term consequences. These consequences may result in disability, fear of falling, loss of independence, and or death. Patient safety is always the forefront of clinical practice, with this being said, the education and implementation of a revised guideline will decrease the prevalence of said falls. Fall prevention is preventable through multiple avenues. Search for Evidence: In collecting evidence for this project, the database CINAHL Plus with Full Text was used to extract articles from scholarly journals in the field of nursing. An initial general search was conducted using the combined terms â€Å"falls† and â€Å"scale† which yielded a handful of articles regarding fall assessment tool. However, a second search using the term â€Å"Morse fall† was conducted to broaden the scope of research, and we were able to make selections from these searches. The Science direct website also provided fast facts onShow MoreRelatedRisk Assessment And Management Planning1774 Words   |  8 PagesThe Clinical Question â€Å"In the hospitalized adult patient, will the use of multifactorial fall risk assessments and management planning (Morse Fall Assessment) be more efficient in comparison to the current risk assessment (Heinrich model II) practice to prevent falls in the months of November- December in comparison to September- October.† Background Falls are a major health issue for older adults. One third of the population aged 65 and older will fall each year, and of those five to ten percentRead MoreThe Accounting Software Installation Project Case Study1680 Words   |  7 Pages EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT SUBJECT OUTLINE Subject Number: Emergency Management Credit Points: 6 Subject Coordinator: Dr Jaya Kandasamy Subject Lecturer: Peter Garland Semester/Year: Spring 2007 Prerequisites: Completed a degree course Co-requisites: Nil, but a basic knowledge of local government procedures is helpful Anti-requisites: Nil, although some previous experience in local government and emergency management is useful. Read MoreReview on the Impact of Management Integrity on Audit Planning and Evidence948 Words   |  4 PagesReview on the Impact of Management Integrity on Audit Planning and Evidence Objective This research is done to assess the correlation between management integrity and RMM, audit planning and misstatement detection, which leads to analysis of the impact of management integrity information on audit conduct. Motivation Some cases of failures such as Enron and Sarbanes-Oxley have led public in general requiring auditors to be more careful in conducting their audit tasks, especially in termsRead MoreCase Study : Area Risk Assessment862 Words   |  4 PagesITGC Area Risk Assessment IT Management Low Systems Development Low Data Security Medium Change Management Low Business Continuity Planning High Alexandra DeHaven IT General Controls ITGC Area Summary of Issue Strength or Weakness IT Management FFC has an IT strategic plan Strength IT Management FFC has an IT Steering Committee Strength IT Management VP Information Security reports to CIO Weakness IT Management FFC plan matches IT plan Strength IT Management VP Applications reports to CIORead MoreThe Business Impact Analysis ( Bia ) And Risk Assessment1246 Words   |  5 Pagesanalysis (BIA) and risk assessment are foundational elements of every effective business continuity program; however, in our experience, many business continuity planning participants experience a lot of confusion regarding the definitions, relationship, and expected outcomes between the two processes. This confusion often results in outcomes that fail to drive preparedness. Avalution acknowledges that there are many different ways to design and execute BIA and risk assessment processes, dependingRead MoreCase Study : Strengths And Weaknesses1447 Words   |  6 PagesStrength or Weakness IT Management FFC has an IT strategic plan Strength IT Management FFC has an Executive Steering Committee Strength System Development FFC’s Internal Audit Committee has a voting member of project team responsible for new project Strength Change Management FFC’s IT personnel adequately test new procedure before implementation. Strength Business Continuity Planning FFC has no documented business continuity or disaster recovery plan Weakness IT Management FFC has an Executive SteeringRead MoreQuestions On Risk Assessment Process Essay944 Words   |  4 PagesRisk Assessment Process Every firm faces risks, both internal and external, that must be dealt with. In order to assess risk, the auditor must understand what roll the area that’s being audited plays in the business. The purpose of risk assessment is to identify and evaluate the risks relevant to that area of the business and to determine how to manage these risks. The auditor then identifies the internal controls that regulate those risks – these are the internal controls the auditor should focusRead MoreThe Homeland Security And Risk Management Programs1213 Words   |  5 Pagesthreats as the United States encounters new enemies as well as ongoing natural disasters. Regarding the topic of risk management lays an intriguing question. This question is how to appropriately coordinate risk management programs while acknowledging elements of focus in regards to different assets and the manner in which these assets are used. The homeland security uses risk assessments on all areas, which this pap er will be focusing on, to determine how to maintain the condition of an asset as wellRead MoreRisk Management Within Homeland Security Essay1187 Words   |  5 Pages Risk Management within Homeland Security Risk management is applied in numerous ways by various agencies and organizations within the U.S. national security apparatus. One manner in which risk management is utilized by the Department of Defense is to mitigate vulnerabilities to personnel during military operations. Whether or not to recruit and deploy a double-agent is a primary focus of risk management within the CIA’s Counterespionage Group. Moreover, evaluatingRead MoreRisk Assessment For A Financial Institution Essay1618 Words   |  7 Pagesfinancial institute. A risk assessment for a financial institution measures and helps manage compliance, financial and operational risks associated with both internal and external, activities and events. In today’s operating environment, numerous regulations and standards make risk assessment not only logical but vital for financial institutions. These are examples of regulation and laws that governs financial institutions, Regulatory compliance, Enterprise risk manag ement, Internal audit, Bank Secrecy

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Brown, Achievement Martial Arts Competition Essay Example For Students

Brown, Achievement: Martial Arts Competition Essay A faint twinge of excitement floated through my body that night. A hint of anticipation of the coming day could not be suppressed; yet to be overcome with anxiety would not do at all. Arduously forced those pernicious thoughts from seeping in and overcoming my body and mind. I still wonder that slept at all that night. But I did. I slept soundly and comfortably as those deliberations crept into my defenseless, unsuspecting mind, pilfering my calm composure. When awoke refreshed, I found my mind swarming with jumbled exhilaration. The adrenaline was flowing already. After a quick breakfast, I pulled some of my gear together and headed out. The car ride Of tuft hours seemed only a few moments as struggled to reinstate order in my chaotic consciousness and focus my mind on the day before me. My thoughts drifted to the indistinct shadows Of my memory. My opponents name was John Doe. There were Other competitors at the tournament, but they had never posed any threat to my title. For as long as had competed in this tournament, had easily taken the black belt championship in my division. John, however, was the most phenomenal martial artist I had ever had the honor of witnessing at my young age of thirteen. And he was in my division. Although he was the same rank. Age, size, and weight as l, he surpassed me in almost every aspect of our training. His feet were lightning, and his hands were virtually invisible in their agile swiftness. He wielded the power off bear while appearing no larger than l. His tort and techniques were executed with near perfection. Although I had never defeated his flawlessness before, victory did not seem unattainable. For even though he was extraordinary, he was not such more talented than l, am not saying that he was not skilled or even that he was not more skilled than l, for he most certainly was, but just not much more than l. Still had one hope, however little, of vanquishing this incredible adversary, forlorn had one weakness: he was lazy. He didnt enjoy practicing long hours or working hard. He didnt have to. Nevertheless, I had found my passage to triumph. My mind raced even farther back to all my other failures. I must admit that my record was not very impressive. Never before had I completed anything. Played soccer. Tit. I was a Cub Scout. I quit. Played trumpet. I quit. Karate was all had left. The championship meant so much because had never persevered With anything else. In the last months, I had trained with unearthly stamina and determination. Had focused all my energies into practicing for this sole aspiration. Every day of the week trained. Every evening, could be found kicking, b locking. And punching at an imaginary opponent in my room. Hours of constant drilling had improved my techniques and speed. All my techniques were ingrained to the point where they were instinctive. Days and evokes passed too swiftly. As abruptly jolted back into the present. The car was pulling into the parking lot. The tournament had too quickly arrived, and still did not feel prepared for the trial which I was to confront. Stepped out of the car into the bright morning sun, and with my equipment bag in hand, walked into the towering building. The day was a blur. After warming up and stretching, I sat down on the cold wooden floor, closed my eyes, and focused, I cleared my mind of every thought, every worry, and every insecurity. When opened my eyes, every sense ND nerve had become sharp and attentive, every motion finely tuned and deliberate. .u0b431f8fb4419c19523441dc2bd6a7e9 , .u0b431f8fb4419c19523441dc2bd6a7e9 .postImageUrl , .u0b431f8fb4419c19523441dc2bd6a7e9 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u0b431f8fb4419c19523441dc2bd6a7e9 , .u0b431f8fb4419c19523441dc2bd6a7e9:hover , .u0b431f8fb4419c19523441dc2bd6a7e9:visited , .u0b431f8fb4419c19523441dc2bd6a7e9:active { border:0!important; } .u0b431f8fb4419c19523441dc2bd6a7e9 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u0b431f8fb4419c19523441dc2bd6a7e9 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u0b431f8fb4419c19523441dc2bd6a7e9:active , .u0b431f8fb4419c19523441dc2bd6a7e9:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u0b431f8fb4419c19523441dc2bd6a7e9 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u0b431f8fb4419c19523441dc2bd6a7e9 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u0b431f8fb4419c19523441dc2bd6a7e9 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u0b431f8fb4419c19523441dc2bd6a7e9 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u0b431f8fb4419c19523441dc2bd6a7e9:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u0b431f8fb4419c19523441dc2bd6a7e9 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u0b431f8fb4419c19523441dc2bd6a7e9 .u0b431f8fb4419c19523441dc2bd6a7e9-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u0b431f8fb4419c19523441dc2bd6a7e9:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Life In A Highschool EssayThe preliminary rounds were quiet and painless, and the championship fight was suddenly before me. Could see that john looked as calm and as confident as ever. Adrenaline raced through my body as stepped into the ring. We bowed to each other and to the instructor, and the match began, apologize, but do not recall most of the fight. I do faintly remember that when time ran out the score was tied, and we were forced to go into Sudden Death: whoever scored the next point would Win. That, however, do recall. Was tired. The grueling two points that I had won already had not been enough. Added one more before I could taste triumph. Was determined to win , though had little energy remaining. John appeared unfazed, but couldnt allow him to discourage me. Focused my entire being, my entire consciousness. On overcoming this invincible nemesis. Charged. All my strenuous training, every molecule in my body, every last drop of desire was directed, concentrated on that single purpose as I exploded through his defenses and drove a solitary fist to its mark. Was not aware that would investigation again, hut I would not have cared, Never before had held this prize in my hands, but through pure, salty sweat and vicious determination, the achievement that had desired 50 dearly and which meant so much to me was mine at last. This was the first time that had ever really made a notable accomplishment in anything. This one experience, this one instant, changed me forever. That day I found self-confidence and discovered that perseverance yields its own sweet fruit, That day a sense of invincibility permeated the air. Mountains were nothing. The sun wasnt so bright and brilliant anymore. Poor a moment, Vass the best.

Sunday, April 12, 2020

Avoiding Stereotypes in Writing

Avoiding Stereotypes in Writing Avoiding Stereotypes in Writing Avoiding Stereotypes in Writing By Catherine Osborn It is easy to fall into the trap of using language that can be construed as racist or sexist. Here are a few tips to stay away from this type of writing. Avoid sexist language. When you know your audience varies, stay away from words that are gender specific. Use â€Å"their† instead of â€Å"his† or â€Å"anyone† instead of â€Å"a man†. You’d be surprised how many people take these sorts of things the wrong way. Avoid ethnic and racial stereotypes. You can be accurate without being biased. For example, it could be considered impolite to say Oriental; you should say Asian or better yet, the specific country such as Japanese, Korean, etc†¦. Be careful not to let religious stereotypes creep into your writing. Such as referring to a banker as Jewish, of course. This is too biased. Biases against age and sexual orientation are also frowned upon. In all these cases, it is best to well, use your best judgment. Avoid political bias and stereotypes in case you want your audienceTo read your content under a neutral point of view. This is especially important in business writing contexts. Research your facts and dont include statements you believe to be true just because the majority of people also believe so. Remember that people in different regions or countries might have a different understanding regarding what is considered sexiest or racist. When in doubt, scratch that. Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Keep learning! Browse the Business Writing category, check our popular posts, or choose a related post below:Regarding Re:8 Proofreading Tips And TechniquesHow Verbs Become Adjectives

Tuesday, March 10, 2020

Combustion Definition in Chemistry

Combustion Definition in Chemistry Combustion is a chemical reaction that occurs between a fuel and an oxidizing agent that produces energy, usually in the form of heat and light. Combustion is considered an exergonic or exothermic chemical reaction. It is also known as burning. Combustion is considered to be one of the first chemical reactions intentionally controlled by humans. The reason combustion releases heat is because the double bond between oxygen atoms in O2 are weaker than the single bonds or other double bonds. So, although energy is absorbed in the reaction, it is released when the stronger bonds are formed to make carbon dioxide (CO2) and water (H2O). While the fuel plays a role in the energy of the reaction, its minor in comparison because the chemical bonds in the fuel are comparable to the energy of the bonds in the products. Mechanics Combustion occurs when a fuel and an oxidant react to form oxidized products. Typically, energy must be supplied to initiate the reaction. Once combustion starts, the released heat can make combustion self-sustaining. For example, consider a wood fire. Wood in the presence of oxygen in air does not undergo spontaneous combustion. Energy must be supplied, as from a lit match or exposure to heat. When the activation energy for the reaction is available, the cellulose (a carbohydrate) in wood reacts with oxygen in air to produce heat, light, smoke, ash, carbon dioxide, water, and other gases. The heat from the fire allows the reaction to proceed until the fire becomes too cool or the fuel or oxygen is exhausted. Example Reactions A simple example of a combustion reaction is the reaction between hydrogen gas and oxygen gas to produce water vapor: 2H2(g) O2(g) → 2H2O(g) A more familiar type of combustion reaction is the combustion of methane (a hydrocarbon) to produce carbon dioxide and water: CH4 2O2 → CO2 2H2O which leads to one general form of a combustion reaction: hydrocarbon oxygen → carbon dioxide and water Oxidants The oxidation reaction may be thought of in terms of electron transfer rather than the element oxygen. Chemists recognize several fuels capable of acting as oxidants for combustion. These include pure oxygen and also chlorine, fluorine, nitrous oxide, nitric acid, and chlorine trifluoride. For example, hydrogen gas burns, releasing heat and light, when reacted with chlorine to produce hydrogen chloride. Catalysis Combustion isnt usually a catalyzed reaction, but platinum or vanadium may act as catalysts. Complete Versus Incomplete Combustion Combustion is said to be complete when the reaction produces a minimal number of products. For example, if methane reacts with oxygen and only produces carbon dioxide and water, the process is complete combustion. Incomplete combustion occurs when there is insufficient oxygen for the fuel to convert completely to carbon dioxide and water. Incomplete oxidation of a fuel may also occur. It also results when pyrolysis occurs prior to combustion, as is the case with most fuels. In pyrolysis, organic matter undergoes thermal decomposition at high temperature without reacting with oxygen. Incomplete combustion may yield many additional products, including char, carbon monoxide, and acetaldehyde.

Sunday, February 23, 2020

Total Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words

Total - Assignment Example The technique was developed by Albert Humphrey. He led a convention during his stay at Stanford University in the 1960s and the 1970s. He incorporated data from some Fortune500 companies. 2_In Total E&P Ltd we often work in challenging environments and have to strive to achieve our objectives. Please describe your most outstanding non-academic achievement highlighting your approach to any significant difficulties faced in meeting your objective(s). I was a member of the ISC-Student body during my undergraduate study. During the course of my study, I was asked to organize a career expo event. This was the first of its kind event in my college and funds were very limited. The biggest difficulty that I encountered was mobilizing the limited resources I had in achieving my target. I decided to collect and arrange for sponsors. Convincing them was quiet an ordeal as no one was willing to sponsor. Eventually I organized a fund raiser campaign and ended up accomplishing my objective successfully. 3_In Total E&P Ltd, we have a diverse mix of men and women who sometimes have different ideas on how to proceed. The ability to draw on these differences, influence others and then move forward with a common purpose is critical. Please describe a challenging occasion, which required your persuasive skills and your ability to organize other people in order to reach a successful resolution. I had gone to India for a traineeship in 2009 where I was inducted in a trainee apartment which had interns from different backgrounds. In one of our group tasks we had to zero down on a presentation draft for our task. Different people with different temperaments, made it difficult to come up with a theme of the presentation. Eventually, I convinced everyone to let an Indian theme work as the target market is Indian and it will appeal people more if